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> A Universal Court with Global Support > USA and the ICC > Bilateral Immunity Agreements
Bilateral Immunity Agreements
Bilateral Immunity Agreements
General Bantz Craddock, Head of US Southern Command, voiced serious concern about the US BIA policy to US Congress on 9 March 2005 and again on 14 and 16 March 2006. Credit: Air Force 1st Lt. Rebecca Garland.
This page provides a comprehensive compilation of NGO, government and inter-governmental documents related to US-proposed bilateral agreements seeking to ensure the non-surrender of US personnel — including both US nationals and foreign contractors working for the United States — to the International Criminal Court. These agreements are alternately referred to as so-called "Article 98" agreements, bilateral immunity agreements (BIAs), impunity agreements or bilateral non-surrender agreements.

This page contains: Background Documents, NGO and Academic Papers and Reports, Government and Inter-governmental Reports and Statements, and NGO Media Statements. CICC members' media statements are also available in the Press Room.

Another section also has specific information on US legislation that restricts US foreign assistance to countries that do not sign these bilateral immunity agreements.
Government and Inter-governmental Documents
Authorascending Date and Title
ACP - EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly
15 Oct 2003
EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly - Resolution on the situation in West Africa, adopted by the African, Carribean, and Pacific Group of States - European Union Joint Parliamentary Assembly (with specific reference to the International Criminal Court in para
04 July 2003
Statement issued by the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community on bilateral agreements under Article 98 of the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (Kingstown, Jamaica)
13 June 2003
EU Common Position on the International Criminal Court
30 Sept 2002
Conclusions on the International Criminal Court, in response to proposals by the United States for bilateral non-surrender agreements with EU member states (Brussels, Belgium)
Emma Bonino, European MP
16 Aug 2002
Emma Bonino, European MP, calls on EU to reject Article 98 agreements
German ICC Task Force
24 Oct 2002
Non Paper: ICC-Supportive Interpretation of and Commentary on the EU General Affairs Council Conclusions on the International Criminal Court of 30 September 2002
Government of Costa Rica
07 Oct 2006
Canciller Stagno expresa complacencia por decision del Presidente Bush/ MFA Stagno welcomed President Bush's decision
Quotes and Statements
Author Title Date
Emma Bonino, European MP
3267|3268 16 Aug 2002