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Gender and the ICC
The Rome Statute is the first international treaty to identify crimes against women as crimes against humanity, war crimes, and in some instances, genocide. Non-governmental organizations—including members of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court —were at the forefront of ensuring that the Rome Statute thoroughly safeguarded women’s rights.
The Statute recognizes rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilizations, gender-based persecutions, trafficking of persons particularly of women and children, and sexual violence as crimes under its jurisdiction.
Here are some of the provisions included in the Statute:
Procedural Protections for Victims and Witnesses
Women victims and witnesses before the ICC can expect procedures designed to address their needs. The ICC Statute and Rules of Procedure and Evidence (Rules) offer important protections for victims and witnesses, particularly those who suffered sexual or gender violence.
Rules of Evidence to Protect Victims of Sexual Violence
The Rules are designed to shield victims of sexual violence from damaging or intrusive attacks on their sexuality or credibility.
Staff Expertise on Gender and Sexual Violence
Victims’ Participation in the Proceedings
The ICC Statute and Rules facilitate victims' direct participation in the Court's proceedings. Victims can express their views, in accordance with the Statute and the Rules, giving them a chance to tell their stories even if they are not called as witnesses. This will allow individual women's voices, sometimes overlooked in international prosecutions, to emerge.
UN Women Facebook page
International Women’s Day website and Facebook page
For more information on this issue, please contact Alix Vuillemin Grendel.