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Implementation of the Rome Statute
Implementation of the Rome Statute
Francis Dako, CICC Africa Coordinator, speaking with members of the press during his mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo to advocate for implementation of complementarity and cooperation legislation
The ICC’s main purpose is to assist the international community in the difficult task of closing the impunity gap for the most heinous international crimes: genocide, war crimes, and crimes again humanity. However, while the Court places itself at the heart of the new international justice system to fight impunity, it also remains a “court of last resort”, leaving the primary responsibility to exercise jurisdiction over alleged criminals to national legal systems. This system of complementarity can only work if states undertake the following: ratify or accede to the Rome Statute, fully cooperate with the Court by providing all the necessary judicial assistance in its proceedings, and implement all of the crimes under the Rome Statute into domestic legislation. As the Court initiates investigations, the existence of solid cooperation legislation takes on new urgency. Beyond situation states and their neighbors, the implementation of the Rome Statute provides an opportunity to reinvigorate reforms of the criminal and procedure codes, which, in the long term, will strengthen rule of law, peace, and security globally.

Many nations ask for technical legal assistance in their processes of implementation. The CICC is one of a few organizations in the world actively monitoring and working on promoting the development of implementation legislation globally. As with ratification, the overwhelming focus of CICC’s work is educational, providing basic information, documentation and examples of how different nations have addressed similar legal issues. To assist our membership, and also those governments working on their legislation, the Coalition is committed to providing comprehensive information on the state of legislative drafting and implementation campaigns throughout the world. Serving primarily as a facilitator in these efforts, the Coalition also strives to make tools available to assist in the drafting process, such as analyses of the principal legal issues arising from ratification and implementation.

Currently, 65 countries have enacted legislation containing either complementarity or cooperation provisions, or both, into their domestic law. 35 countries have some form of advanced draft implementing legislation.

The following charts provide an overview of the status of Rome Statute and APIC ratification and implementing legislation on cooperation and complementarity in all states:

Summary of the Status of Ratification and Implementation of the Rome Statute and the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities (APIC)

Full Chart on the Status of Ratification and Implementation of the Rome Statute and the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities (APIC)
Audio Visual Resources
Author Date and Title
ICTJ
27 Mar 2012
Building the First Line of Defense against Impunity: Podcast with Phakiso Mochochoko
Draft Legislation
Author Date and Title
Commonwealth
31 Aug 2006
Model Law to Implement the Rome Statute of the ICC
Arab League Justice Ministers Council
29 Nov 2005
Arab League Model Law Project on Crimes under the Jurisdiction of the ICC
Colombia
Nov 2005
Draft Bill on Cooperation with the ICC
Bolivia
Oct 2005
Draft ICC Implementation Bill
Bolivia
Oct 2005
Bolivia Draft ICC Implementation Bill
Uruguay
Aug 2005
ICC Implementing Legislation Draft Bill prepared by independent consultant to the Ministry of Education and Culture- Dr. Oscar Lopez
Kenya
June 2005
Draft Legislation - Preamble to Draft International Crimes Bill of 2005
Enacted Legislation
Author Date and Title
Comoros
04 Feb 2012
Decret n°12-022/PR du 04 12 2011 portant promulgation de la loi n°11-020/AU du 13/12/2011 portant mise en oeuvre du Statut de Rome
Republic of Mauritius
26 July 2011
The International Criminal Court Act 2011 No. 27 (Republic of Mauritius)
Switzerland
19 June 2010
Loi fédérale portant modification de lois fédérales en vue de la mise en oeuvre du Statut de Rome de la Cour pénale internationale
Kenya
2008
International Crimes Act, 2008
Panama
18 May 2007
Panamanian Criminal Code 2007
Senegal
27 Apr 2007
Loi 2007 05 du 12 fév 2007 modifiant le Code de Procédure pénale
Senegal
27 Apr 2007
Loi 2007 05 du 12 fév 2007 modifiant le Code pénal
Government and Inter-governmental Documents
Author Date and Title
Sénat
06 Sept 2012
Communiqué de Jean-Pierre Sueur, au Sénat, sur la loi de mise en oeuvre
France
13 July 2010
Saisine du Conseil constituionnel par les députés sur la loi portant adaptation du droit pénal interne à l’institution de la Cour pénale internationale
France
July 2010
Saisine du Conseil constituionnel par les sénateurs sur la loi portant adaptation du droit pénal interne à l’institution de la Cour pénale internationale
Poder Ejecutivo Uruguay
Sept 2006
Ley de Implementacion de la CPI
Conseils des ministres, France
26 July 2006
Adaptation du droit pénal à l’institution de la cour pénale internationale
Legislative Debates
Author Date and Title
Argentine Senate
06 Sept 2006
Debate en el Senado de la Republica sobre la aprobacion de le legislacion sobre la CPI
France
12 Feb 2002
Debate in the French Senate on the Cooperation Law with the ICC
NGO Media Statements
Author Date and Title
LIPADHO
18 Nov 2010
Communiqué de presse No006/Cn/Lipadho/2010 : La majorité des députés s’opposent à l’abolition de la peine capitale
CN-CPI
05 Nov 2010
La Coalition nationale pour la CPI de la République démocratique du Congo salue la recevabilité de la proposition de loi portant mise en œuvre du Statut de Rome de la Cour pénale internationale
SYCOVI
05 Nov 2010
L'examen de la loi de mise en œuvre du Statut de Rome à l'Assemblée Nationale de la RDC
ACADHOSHA
04 Nov 2010
Enfin l'Assemblée Nationale de la RDC va se prononcer sur la loi de mise en œuvre
PGA
04 Nov 2010
La loi de mise en oeuvre du Satut de Rome declaree recevable par L'Assemble Nationale de la Republique Democratique du Congo
FIDH
12 July 2010
La France entend-elle s’affranchir des poursuites sur son territoire des responsables des crimes contre l’humanité, génocide et crimes de guerre ?
Coalition Française pour la CPI (CFCPI)
09 July 2010
Justice Internationale : Le gouvernement doit accepter le débat à l’Assemblée nationale
Related Websites
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